These are species that cats can hunt and eat. In Lower Egypt, the goddess Bastet had the same meaning. This goddess is said to represent the sun, in the form of a human cat’s head.
Legend has it that both Mafdet and Bastet are of Mau origin – a wildcat that protects the sacred trees in the forest from cobras by snatching and biting the snake’s head.
In ancient times, cats were considered the optimal solution against rats and venomous snakes that often appeared around people. People began to leave food around their homes for cats to frequent. Gradually, feral cats began to be domesticated and became domestic cats in Egypt.
Cats who reach such a cult level are so revered that harming or killing cats is condemned to harming or killing a god. And the punishment for this action can only be death!
Because of their divinity, in ancient Egypt, ordinary people were not allowed to raise cats. Only Egyptian pharaohs – who are considered incarnations of the gods on earth – can raise cats!
Because of their role and importance, cats will be embalmed when dead. In the late nineteenth century, an excavation at the Beni Hasan cemetery in central Egypt found more than 200,000 animal mummies, the vast majority of which were cat mummies. This also shows that in ancient times, the need to exchange and trade goods related to cats was also growing.
The success of the ancient Egyptian civilization was partly due to its adaptability to the conditions of the Nile valley for agricultural production. From the anticipation of floods and the regulation of irrigation in the fertile valley area, there has been a surplus of agricultural produce, helping to nourish a larger population, facilitating social and cultural development. chemistry.
With abundant resources, the state has focused on mining in the valleys and surrounding desert regions, as well as the early development of an independent writing system,